Neither was this event simply a case of Christianity verses Galileo. As Kirsten Birkett points out, 'Galileo's enemy was not Christianity. He considered himself a devout Christian, and in any case many Protestant Christians had no problems with his work.'
Thirdly, Kirsten Birkett points to the complex interaction of relationships that led to Galileo's condemnation. 'Galileo's fall may have been to appease the Spaniards; or it could have been that Galileo's enemies in Rome, knowing that the Pope was in an awkward situation any way he trained, worked on his personal vanities to anger him against Galileo.'
Galileo's death was not simply a case of science verses religion but involved one type of scientific theory verses another, it was not simply a case of Christianity verses Galileo but one branch of Christendom verses the man, and it involved an interaction of spite and resentment.